Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

As people age, their bodies become weak, and so do their organs and cells. The deterioration of the internal structure gives rise to numerous health conditions. Even the current sedentary lifestyle is making the body weak. As a result, people are developing multiple diseases and conditions. 


A common problem that men suffer from is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, which is the increase of prostate. It affects the majority of the men as they age. However, you can effectively manage and treat it from the best urologist in Ludhiana. It is important to get tested to ensure early detection of conditions so that they can be treated on time. Let us learn more in detail about Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. 

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

It is a problem in which the prostate grows in size. This can lead to difficulty in peeing and passing ejaculation through the urethra. The prostate is a gland situated below the bladder and in front of the rectum in the male reproductive system. The prostate covers the urethra, which carries pee and semen out of the body. When prostate size increases, it squeezes the urethra passage and makes passing pee and semen difficult. BPH can also indicate having a serious condition such as prostate cancer. If left untreated, it can also cause UTI (urinary tract infection) and bladder and kidney stones. Get the best kidney stone treatment in Ludhiana from a leading Urology hospital. 

Symptoms Of BPH

  • The sudden need to pee
  • Difficulty starting to pee
  • Leaking (incontinence)
  • Slowness when peeing
  • Inability to empty your bladder completely
  • Your pee smells
  • Your pee colour changes
  • Pain when peeing or after ejaculating

Causes Of BPH

The exact cause of BPH is not known. However, as per a theory, as men age, their testosterone production decreases, but their estrogen levels remain the same. This imbalance may cause BPH. 

What If BPH Is Left Untreated?

It is crucial to get yourself examined if you feel the symptoms mentioned above. If left untreated, the symptoms can worsen. It can cause issues such as:

  • Bladder Stones
  • Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
  • Hematuria (blood in pee)
  • Kidney issues (Inability to empty bladder can cause backflow from bladder to kidney, increasing pressure on the latter.) It can also increase the risk of kidney and bladder stones. Ensure that kidney stone treatment in Ludhiana is received from a reputed kidney stone hospital. 

Treatment Options For BPH

There are several treatment options for treating BPH. These include:


Doctors can suggest medicines to relax the muscles present in the prostate, which helps reduce the tension in the urethra. Do not take any medication without a doctor’s prescription. 


Different types of surgery options are available to treat BPH. Depending on your particular case, the doctor may suggest surgery. 

  • Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP): In TUIP surgery, the urethra is widened by making two incisions: one in the prostate and the other in the bladder neck. It helps improve urine flow. 
  • Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP): In TURP surgery, the best urologist in Ludhiana uses a resectoscope (a special instrument) to see and remove prostate tissue. 
  • Transurethral electrovaporization: The urologist inserts an instrument that contains a wire loop or ball, which heats the prostate tissues and turns them into vapour. It helps relieve pressure and improve urine flow. 
  • GreenLight™ laser treatment: In this treatment, a urologist uses a special laser to evaporate the enlarged prostate tissue. 

Minimally Invasive Treatments

  • Prostatic Urethral Lift: In this procedure, a special instrument is used to make small implants that lift the enlarged prostate tissues away from the urethra, thereby improving urine flow and urinary symptoms. 
  • Rezūm™ Therapy: It uses water vapour to destroy excess prostate tissue.


The majority of the men can suffer from Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia as they age. In this condition, the prostate tissue increases in size and makes it difficult to pee or ejaculate. It is important to get treatment from the best urologist in Ludhiana. Timely treatment can help manage the condition better. Leaving BPH untreated can exacerbate the condition and can increase the risk of or may indicate prostate cancer. Thus, get treatment on time.

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