From people & animals, environment to economy, the consequences of a devastating flood leaves none and in India it’s no exception. Flood control in India refers to the different methods that are used for preventing or reducing the harmful effects of flooding. This practice not only saves life and properties from flood damage, but at the same time keeps them protected in future as well.
Flooding is a recurrent problem experienced in several parts of India. Despite of being a common phenomenon, most of the places have to suffer the wrath of this natural disaster due to improper flood control systems. A well-planned flood control strategy executed with the best structures can allow any area overcome the effects of flood- but how exactly should that be formulated?
To help you know more about flood control in India and its importance, this article explains the components of an effective flood control system, along with the potential difference that it is able to create.
Why Flood Control in India Matters?
Proper flood control using the best practices can lead to:
• Prevention of the unwanted development and encroachment in floodplains
• Minimization of flood damages and the impact that it has on human life
• Protection of property and people who thrive within the affected area
• Reduction the financial burden on the communities with areas that are subject to flood damage
• Enhancement of riparian, recreation and wildlife habitats along floodplains and watercourses
Flood management is undoubtedly the need of the hour and this can only be established with a well-defined system for flood control in India.
Key Components of Flood Control in India
There are two invaluable components of successful flood control systems in India and these are mentioned below:
1. Flood Risk Mapping
Mapping indicates the different areas that are at a risk of flood damage and must be classified in terms of their intensity of damage. This is usually prepared on the basis of how frequent floods are to a particular region along with the attempts that have been made so far for controlling flood in that place.
2. Protection of Flood Prone Areas
The areas that are prone to floods should be protected with the help of effective structures for flood control in India. Some of them include but not limited to channel for storage, reservoirs, watershed and more. Apart from this, barriers can be installed that would not only secure the targeted area from floodwater but at the same time channelize it to the specified location.
There you have it, for a rising and prosperous nation one cannot overlook the importance of flood control systems in India.
The author is a researcher on flood control systems and has written a lot of documents for the same. For more information about flood control in India and the various methods that can be adopted he recommends Flood Control International.