Understanding Real Property: Definitions and Types

A piece of ground and everything that is affixed to it permanently is considered real property. Real estate owners are entitled to full ownership privileges, including the freedom to use, own, sell, and lease their property.

Depending on its general use, real estate can be categorized as residential, commercial, agricultural, industrial, or particular purpose. Knowing what rights you do and do not have in the property is necessary to determine whether you have the right to sell your house.

What is real property?

Real estate includes land, everything above and below its surface, and any permanent structures or features, whether natural or human-made.

Therefore, all manmade, long-lasting enhancements to the property, including streets, utilities, sewers, fences, and buildings, are included in the definition of real estate.

Real property is a more inclusive phrase than real estate solutions since it includes the rights, benefits, and interests of real estate ownership.

Real property, in its broadest sense, refers to the actual land, including everything permanently affixed to it, whether natural or manmade, as well as all ownership rights, such as the ability to acquire, sell, lease, and use the land.

Estates of Real Estate

“Estate in the land” refers to the size and nature of a person’s interest in real estate. The two main categories of estates in the land are freehold estates and non-freehold estates.

Freehold Properties

Estates with a freehold include ownership. They can endure a lifetime or eternity and have an illimitable duration. Freehold estate examples include:

Simple fee: All rights to the property belong to the proprietor of an estate in fee simple. It is the highest kind of real estate interest permitted by law. The estate has an indefinite lifespan and is transferred to the owner’s heirs upon death.

Life estate: A life estate has a lifespan that is either restricted to that of the owner or the life(s) of another designated person(s). A life estate is not regarded as an estate of inheritance, in contrast to a fee simple estate.

Estates with No Freehold

Leases are a part of non-freehold estates. They are “without seisin”—without ownership—and cannot be handed on to heirs.

Non-freehold estates include, for instance:


A long-term lease is an estate established by a lease with a set start and end date. At the predetermined expiration date, the lease expires automatically. The estate has also been used for years.

A tenancy that changes over time: Unless the owner or tenant ends it with prior notice, this estate exists when the tenancy is for a specific starting duration and is automatically renewed for an unlimited period. Also known as an estate on an annual basis.

Personal property vs. real property

Real estate cannot be moved. The land, everything permanently affixed to it, and the rights that “run with” the ground are all included.

Personal property can be moved, on the other hand. Everything that is not real property, including your clothes, furniture, cars, boats, and other movable possessions not affixed to real estate, is referred to as personal property.

Real Estate vs. Real Property

Real estate is land, including everything permanently affixed to it, whether natural or artificial, at, above, and below the earth’s surface. Real property includes all the elements of real estate and ownership rights, such as the ability to hold, sell, lease, and use the land.

What Kinds of Real Property Are There?

Real property can include a hill or pond that is a natural formation. The same applies to artificial additions like houses, driveways, and garden sheds. The right to use, manage, and dispose of the land on which any or all of these things are located belongs to whoever owns the land.

Bottom line 

Real property, including land, buildings, and fixtures, is a valuable asset that offers revenue generation and long-term appreciation. Understanding its legal implications, ownership options, and restrictions is crucial to make informed decisions.

Seeking consultancy services can provide expert guidance in navigating the complexities of real estate investments. Investors can reduce risks and increase rewards by conducting extensive research and diligence. It can add financial stability and growth potential to their diversified portfolios.

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