Artificial Intelligence (AI) is transmuting our way of life, denoting the impersonation of human insight by a PC/machine in settling different issues. At first, AI was intended to vanquish more manageable issues like dominating a chess match, language apperception, and picture instauration. With the innovative headways, AI is getting progressively sophisticated at doing what people do, yet more efficaciously, expeditiously, and at a lower cost in tackling intricate issues. Artificial astuteness is fixating on combating the current pandemic. Projects directly associated with pharmacology, hospital and medical care, or stretch inspection to decrement infection have optically discerned a critical adherence in data science to make development and bring positive results.
The pandemic taken place due to COVID-19 is the initial ecumenical public health disaster in the 21st century. At present, numerous AI-driven projects depended on data science astronomically immense data or machine learning are being used in many wide varieties of areas to envisage, elucidate and handle the dissimilar situations that take place due to health disasters. AI over here is playing an essential role in fortifying and availing to make consequential decisions.
AI has been used and distributed in getting results in three fields in the situation of the epidemic that is in the investigation of virus study and the magnification of medicines and injections. The other one is in the administration of resources and accommodations at healthcare places. While the last is in examining data to sustenance public policy culls denoted at handling the disaster, like the quarantine procedures.
Below are some points that will show you how AI is transforming lives during the current pandemic.
Robotic platforms to assist isolated patients
Hospitalized patients in isolation do not have the possibility to receive visits or be accompanied, due to the stringent restrictions to stop the spreading of the virus. Moreover, in many cases, the overload of healthcare systems abbreviates the time that clinical staff can dedicate to each patient. Consequently, they spend most of their time alone which may further cause physical and psychological deterioration.
Many reports and scientific studies already admonish the negative impact effect that gregarious distancing and isolation measures have on phrenic health. Cases of apprehensiveness, melancholy, and stress may withal result in post-traumatic condition after the terminus of quarantine periods.
The utilization of autonomous robotic platforms can be subsidiary to elongate the capabilities of hospitals in crises, in order to offer perpetual interaction and personalized attention to isolated patients. Those robots could incorporate capabilities to agnize and acclimate their comportment to human emotions and moods and to naturally interact with patients. While performing non-critical routine tasks (e.g. pabulum distribution), they could offer an alternative source of regalement and diversion to the patient, monitor non-clinical parameters such as emotional state and level of activity, and report unsafe or at-risk situations or comportments.
Robotics platforms for disinfection
As recently optically discerned in China, autonomous robotic platforms for disinfection of healthcare facilities can play a fundamental role, in averting and truncating the spread of infectious diseases, viruses, bacteria, and other types of inimical organic microorganisms in the environment. They are categorically efficacious when equipped with ultraViolet (UV) light emitters which break down the DNA structure of viruses. In other cases, robots and drones have been used to spray sanitizers in public spaces to mitigate the possible expansion of the infection.
Although most of these robots have some autonomous capabilities they must generally be triggered or even controlled by human operators, which vigorously minimizes the benefit of automation. For instance, in the case of UV disinfecting robots, cleaning staff must utilize an application to authoritatively mandate an actuation, and drones must be typically piloted by humans. To distribute the full potential of robotic platforms, semi-autonomous and distributed decision-making must be implemented in the robots, so that they can operate in a standalone way with minimum supervision, following the high-level goals defined by human ascendant entities.
Although, AI has not consummately progressed to surmount an epidemic, nonetheless, the component of AI is markedly astronomically immense at the time of COVID‐19 as compared to the one that was initially. It is correctly applied as an implement idealizing humanoid astuteness.