What Is Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer is the most common among women. Breast cancer is also second leading cause of death in women after lung cancer. It develops from breast abnormal tissues, which usually cluster together to form a tumor that attacks other parts of the breast the body through the bloodstream. It can become the cause of infection in your body. It is most commonly develops in cells from the lining of the milk ducts.
What Are The Symptoms Of Breast Cancer?
There are many signs of it that can help you to identify the disease. It may include a swelling or thickening in the breasts, a change in the breast shape, fluid coming out of the nipples of the breasts, or a red patch of skin. If you find any of these symptoms, make an appointment with your doctor shortly. There are also other symptoms that indicate the condition such as pain in the armpits or breasts that doesn’t change with monthly cycle, rashes around the nipples.
What Are The Causes Of Breast Cancer?
No one knows the exact cause of Breast Cancer. If you are women and getting older then there are high chances of developing it. A woman whose mother, daughter or sister has had been from the condition is two to three times more likely to develop the disease. Factors of developing the disease may include obesity, lack of physical exercise, drinking alcohol, hormone replacement, etc.
What Are The Stages Of Breast Cancer?
All cancers are staged according to the size of a tumor and whether it spreads to other parts of the body. There are so many ways of staging Breast Cancer. One way is from stage 0-4.
Stage 0: The cells are limited to within the ducts and have not affected surrounding tissues.
Stage 1: At the beginning of this stage, the tumor is up to 2cm across and it has not any affected lymph nodes.
Stage 2: The tumor is 2cm across and it has started to spread to nearby nodes.
Stage 3: A tumor is up to 5cm across and it may have spread to some lymph nodes.
Stage 4: Cancer has spread to distant organs, especially the bones, liver, lungs, or brain.
What Is The Treatment Of Breast Cancer?
Many of their types are easy to diagnose by microscopic analysis of a sample of the affected area of the breast. But there are some other types that require specialized medication and diagnosis such as surgery, radiation oncology, and medical oncology.
Surgery may be easier to perform, but some women may have needed a mastectomy could have breast-conserving surgery if the tumor shrinks before surgery. After the surgery, the next step in managing early-stage breast cancer to lower the risk of recurrence and to get rid of any remaining cancer cells. Treatment given after surgery is called adjuvant therapy, which lowers the risk of recurrence, but it does not completely get rid of the risk.
When surgery that is used to remove cancer is not possible, it is called inoperable. The doctor will then recommend treating cancer in other ways. Chemotherapy, targeted therapy, radiation therapy, and/or hormonal therapy may be given to shrink cancer.
Whichever treatment you choose soothing care will be important for relieving symptoms and side effects. Your doctor may suggest clinical trials that are studying new ways to treat this type of recurrent cancer.
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