Heat stroke is a very common condition that we normally hear about especially during summer when the climate is on the hotter side. But, what really is a heat stroke? Who are the most at risk? Is it something that we should be really worried about? Would one need a first aid certification online before they can help someone who is suddenly experiencing a heat stroke?
Definition and Facts
Heat stroke is an illness that is related to heat. It is a type of hyperthermia or the abnormal increase in the body’s temperature. Often, this comes with a couple of physical symptoms. Compared to heat exhaustion and heat cramps, both are other types of hyperthermia too, heat stroke is more serious and it is considered a medical emergency. When a victim of a heat stroke is not given immediate attention, the condition could become fatal.
Here are some more facts that you should know about heat strokes:
Those that experience heat stroke often show preliminary symptoms such as confusion, agitation, disorientation, lack of sweating, and in the worst case, coma.
Heat stroke can be diagnosed by observing a victim for the above symptoms.
The main treatment that is done on a person experiencing a heat stroke is cooling them down. First aid may be administered but if heat stroke happens in unexpected places, responders must immediately notify the medical professional services.
The groups that are more prone to getting a heat stroke are athletes, outdoor workers, infants, and the elderly.
First Aid for Heat Stroke
As we have said, anyone who is suspected of experiencing a heat stroke should immediately be provided with care and treatment to avoid the condition to worsen. Here are a couple of first aid procedures that should be observed.
First of all, you should ensure that you are doing everything you can to cool down the patient. This means that you should take them to an area that is shaded from the heat of the sun. If needed, remove their clothes and apply tepid or cool water.
If the victim is still conscious and they are still able to drink, make them drink and cool liquid. Just remember to not feed them with a beverage that has caffeine or alcohol.
Constantly monitor their body temperature and continue cooling them down until they reach a body temperature that is more manageable.
Lastly, never forget to call emergency services before you start doing the things above.
Heat Stroke Prevention
Heat stroke is not a natural phenomenon that everybody goes through. When you observe the right preventive measures, you can actually prevent heat stroke from happening.
Do not let yourself become dehydrated during hot weather. Additionally, avoid doing rigid physical activities when the temperature outside is high.
If you cannot avoid doing strenuous physical activities during hot weather, make sure you bring and drink plenty of water or sports drink. Never drink beverages with caffeine or alcohol.
Get a first aid certification online so you become more educated about heat strokes and you will know what to do in case it happens to you or the people around you.
Resource Box: If you want to join Online First Aid And CPR class, the author of this article suggests American Health Care Academy.