The highest judicial forum in India is the Supreme Court of India which is situated in New Delhi. It is the last and final court of appeal. It acts as the auditor or superior of our constitution that deals with two types of jurisdiction: original and appellate jurisdiction.
Any kind of disputes between states, center or union and states and petitions related to infringement of fundamental rights falls under original jurisdiction of Supreme Court. It also deals the appeals against the judgments of High Courts.
The 1961 law minister Ashoke Kumar Sen, was involved in passing of the Advocates Act. The Bar Council of India is answerable for its administration and implementation. According to this act, Bar council of India is established as the supreme body that regulates the legal profession of India. In addition to being professionals, lawyers are also considered as the officers of the courts. A very important role is played by them in the legislation of justice. Thus, Advocates Act is a combination of rules which bind the law bearers and always remind them of the duties and responsibility they have towards the court, their clients and fellow lawyers. Lawyers in Supreme Court also abide by these rules and regulations.
There is a two-fold process for being labeled to practice in India. To climb the first step, the applicant must be a law graduate degree from a recognized institution or organization. The lists of such institutions and colleges are maintained by Bar Council of India for which it manages an Internal Committee. The second step implies that the graduate law student has to qualify the administration criteria laid by the council. Thus all the lawyers in Supreme Court have also gone through the same two fold process.
In India, all lawyers are identified at the same level. Seniority and experienced is the basis of conferral of the title of senior lawyer, which is decided on the basis of the duration of their law practice. Other factor affecting it is specialization in a particular field of law by the advocates. Apart from status and fame and status the senior lawyers in Supreme Court are required to maintain a higher standard of discipline and managed life, apart from some distinct rules.
For a lawyer who wants to be appointed as a judge in high courts and Supreme Court, he/she must be having an experience of law practicing for at least ten years at high court or Supreme Court.