Recall the many times when there was an electricity cut plunging your surroundings in utter darkness. And then you cannot locate a simple candle by yourself to save the day. That is when you realize the importance of being able to see, right? Right. Eyes are one sensory organ without which leading a proper life is impossible.
However, there are disorders that make eyes weak or not functioning as properly as they should be. There are disorders in people afflicting the eyes since birth. They are known as congenital disorders. Then there are disorders that develop due to old age and other conditions. Such disorders can be treated by specific corrective surgeries. Cataract is one such ailment occurring as a result of old-age.
If you or any of your family members are scheduled to undergo a cataract operation for vision correction, then read on. This article will help you to know what goes into a cataract surgery and the care you should be taking in your recovery period.
What is cataract surgery?
Cataract is a condition affecting the lenses in one’s eyes. It occurs with age. This condition is characterized by progressive fall in quality of one’s vision. If you find that you are not able to see properly, you have developed sensitivity to light, you see double images or inability to see clearly at night time then those could be signs of cataract developing in the eyes.
The surgery for treating cataract and preventing loss of vision thus becomes necessary. Phacoemulsification and micro-incision cataract surgery (MICS) are 2 type of surgical techniques for removing cataract and restoring vision.
What are the precautions to be taken during recovery period?
Cataract surgery is a surgery that hardly lasts for a few hours. It is a corrective surgery that restores vision. However, it is not possible for the patient to drive themselves home after it. Therefore, they should make appropriate arrangements prior for the same. You shouldn’t be surprised because it not only fixes your vision but also makes it sharper than before. However, observing few precautions in the initial weeks is necessary to prevent infections.
1. Do not put pressure over your eyes
Do not bend down to pick up or move anything. As that will put pressure on your eyes. Also do not pick up heavy bags and appliances.
Use the prescribed eyedrops as told by the doctor at proper periods of time. Eyedrops usually contain steroids that speed up recovery and functioning of eyes. Avoid rubbing the eyes even if they feel very scratchy.
3. Eye makeup
Do not wear contact lenses or eye makeup without asking the doctor. The content of eye makeup such as mascara, kajal, eye-liner can cause irritation.
4. Digital appliance usage
Usage of computers, mobiles and other gadgets is not advisable for a few days after undergoing a cataract procedure.
5. Dusty areas
Avoid going to any dusty areas that could cause infections inside your eyes. The same applies for places like beaches and industrial terrains. Strong sunlight also should be kept away from.
Driving on the same day as the surgery is unsafe and hence not advisable. It is not advisable atleast for a day after getting operated for cataract.
7. Protective gear
It is advised that you wear the protective gear even while sleeping.
Irrespective of whether you are an avid gymmer or a fitness enthusiast visiting the gym everyday
Avoid bathing in showers, as water tends to come out from it in great force. As compared to taking water from a bucket. Try and use the latter option because it is safe and there are no chances of hurting the eyes.
10. Avoid cooking
The gas flame is likely to watering of the eyes affecting the cornea. So cooking is inadvisable in the week post undergoing cataract surgery.
It is important to contact an eye doctor at the very initial stage of spotting any symptoms. Also above mentioned points were just few precautionary measures to follow in the recovery period after undergoing cataract surgery. Do not forget to follow the instructions as asked by your ophthalmologist.